IOS vs Android Development: Which is The Best for Your Mobile App?

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Let's discover the differences between iOS and Android app development; iOS developer vs Android developer salary; as well as iOS vs Android developer demand.

iOS vs Android App Development: Which Is Better for You? | Relia Software

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Software developers often find themselves unsure about which platform to create for, Android or iOS. Even though the two systems share certain architectural similarities, they are developed and maintained in very distinct ways. Learn the basics of both Android and iOS  development by reading this post, which compares and contrasts the two platforms' most important features.

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What is iOS and Android App Development? 

iOS App Development:

iOS application development refers to the process of creating apps for Apple mobile devices such as the iPhone, iPad, and iPod Touch. The code is written in Swift or Objective-C. Then, the app is submitted to the App Store. 

Android App Development:

This is the creation of software for the Android platform, including mobile apps, web apps, and other software. Android is an operating system developed by Google and installed on a wide variety of mobile devices. Android app developers also create cutting-edge apps for the Android platform.

iOS App Development: Pros and Cons

Pros of iOS Development 

Great performance: 

Always keep the app's performance in mind when you design it. Apple's iOS development tools enable the production of a powerful, quick, and user-friendly product.

The iOS ecosystem is a closed system:

The popularity of iOS apps can be attributed to one distinguishing feature. Developing apps for every type of iOS phone or tablet is unnecessary. Since the entire ecosystem is taken into account during development of an iOS app, it can be used with any device running iOS.

Enhanced UX/UI:

The user interface and user experience are not the first things that come to mind when contrasting iOS development and Android development. However, Apple is strict about adhering to its own specifications for the app's aesthetic. As a result, you won't have the option of making ugly or inefficient apps.

Cons of iOS Development

Strict environmental standards must be met:

Native app development requires specialized tools like Apple's Xcode. The issue is that this program only works on Macs. Therefore, if you want to develop an app for iOS, you'll need to purchase at least one Apple device.

Stringent release requirements:

We've touched on design principles before, but Apple has additional, distinct principles to adhere to. If you've developed an app but haven't followed the guidelines, you shouldn't expect a quick rollout. You also won't be allowed to publish your software on the AppStore if Apple doesn't think it's relevant.

Customization issues:

Many programmers have observed that iOS has limitations in terms of personalization. You'll have to put in extra time and effort to integrate third-party software in order to build the desired functionality.

iOS App Development: Pros and Cons (Source: Internet)

Android App Development: Pros and Cons

Pros of Android Development 

Flexible environment:

When it comes to adaptability, Android will come out on top. For Android, hardware compatibility is never an issue. The majority of major platforms still support Java, the programming language used to create Android apps.

Knowledge resource:

Google is your friend when it comes to learning about Android app development. Because it is a product of this giant, Android has access to a wealth of open source development resources.

Android apps are compatible with a single ecosystem:

Like iOS apps, there is no need to develop multiple versions of an Android app for different devices.

Cons of Android Development

Complicated testing:

Due to porting the software to multiple platforms, it is impossible to eliminate every possible glitch. One of the major difficulties of developing Android apps is that quality assurance takes a lot of time and energy.

Higher cost:

Creating an Android app takes longer and will cost more if you need to engage Android specialists. It's possible that prices will go up as a result of the testing's complexity.

Security concerns: 

All developers, of course, use as many different security measures as they can. Controlling every bit of data might be challenging on an open-source system. Cyberattacks occur, and sometimes issues with user data security develop.

Android App Development: Pros and Cons (Source: Internet)

Market Comparison between iOS and Android App Development

Global Market Share and User Demographics 

Android has surpassed Apple in terms of worldwide popularity. Android has a global market share of 71.6%, whereas iOS has only 27.7%. This indicates that Android has a much larger user base than iOS does around the world. Android devices are more widely available and affordable. This is especially true for the developing economies of Asia, Africa, and Latin America. 

>> You may be interested in: Top 10 Best Mobile App Development Companies in USA

iOS app users, on the other hand, are primarily located in Western Europe, North America, and Japan. When it comes to smartphone preference, males lean toward Android while women favor Apple products.

Apple also comes out on top when comparing sales from both platforms. iPhone owners had higher incomes and higher discretionary spending than Android users. Data shows that iPhone users earn an average of $53,000 a year, while Android users earn an average of $37,000. Furthermore, iPhone consumers spend $101 per month on technology products, while Android users spend $51 per month on technology products.

For new businesses, revenue is a major consideration when picking between iOS and Android. It's almost required that a firm entering the mobile domain for the first time choose a platform based on its potential for making money.

App Revenue 

Gross app income in the Google Play store was approximately $10.4 billion in 2022, whereas it was $21.2 billion in the Apple App Store. This income included consumer spending on in-app purchases, monthly/yearly subscriptions, and premium apps. 

Although it has established itself as the platform upon which businesses rely for revenue generation, Google Play is quickly catching up with their monetized apps. While Android apps could potentially reach a wider audience, only a fraction of users will upgrade to the paid version. 

Apple's App Store produces more income despite having a smaller market share because Apple users are more prepared to pay for software.

User Retention 

The reception your app receives from users is crucial to its success. Is the user satisfied with the app's installation and use, or are they planning to remove it?

Depending on the quality of user experience you're able to offer, many factors may contribute to the high uninstall rate of mobile apps.

Android consumers are more loyal and less forgiving than iOS users, although the two platforms' app uninstall rates are driven by distinct factors. Successful design and development of a mobile app requires startups to give serious consideration to these issues.

After briefly contrasting the two platforms' market landscapes, we'll discuss the pressing question for all new businesses: Apple vs. Android development. Let's go deep into the technological comparison of iOS vs Android so that you can make an informed choice.

Technical Comparison Between iOS and Android App Development

Programming Languages 

The primary distinction between iOS and Android is the programming language used to create the two platforms.

iOS apps can be written in either Objective-C or Swift. 

Because of its superior speed, performance, and memory-handling features, Swift is the preferred language as of right now. It's also popular since it's simple to pick up and use, which speeds up the process of making apps for iOS. Swift is a major factor in why iOS apps are simpler to create than Android ones.

However, Objective-C was the original language used to create apps for iOS. As a result, it is dependable and has a solid base of support behind it. However, novice programmers may be put off by Objective-C due to its difficult syntax and lengthy learning curve.

Android apps can be written in Java and Kotlin.

Since the early 2000s, Java has been the primary language for creating Android apps. Because of this, the language is well-established and trustworthy. Because of its reliability and safety, Java has become the platform of choice for business applications.

The Java Virtual Machine (JVM) is also compatible with Kotlin, another programming language. It's an enhancement over Java since it addresses several of Java's shortcomings. In general, Kotlin is a more expressive and concise language than Java.

Kotlin's near-perfect compatibility with Java means the two languages can use the same development environments and libraries. Android programming is the only platform that allows for this kind of fluid switching across languages.

Development Environment 

To create an application, programmers require a suite of tools known as an integrated development environment (IDE), which includes a code editor, debugger, and project management features.

>> Read more about IDEs for other languages:

For Android, the official IDE is Android Studio.

Android Studio provides access to the Android Software Development Kit (SDK), a collection of resources for building Android applications.

The Gradle Build System is used in Android Studio alongside the usual tools like a code editor and a debugger. When it comes to automating the construction of Android applications, this tool is both potent and versatile.

For iOS, the official IDE is XCode.

The Interface Builder is a major strength of XCode. Visually building user interfaces by dragging and dropping elements is made possible by this tool for designers. Furthermore, it helps your UI become consistent with Apple's Human Interface Guidelines (HIG).

XCode and Android Studio are so close in features and attributes that making a comparison between the two is practically difficult.

Complex Development Process 

Apps for both iOS and Android have their own unique challenges. iOS apps can be written in either Objective-C or Swift, but Android apps must be written in Java. 

There is a greater variety of device makers, models, and screen sizes on the Android platform. That's why app makers need to make their products compatible with the widest range of devices feasible. The quality of their service to customers will decline if they don't.

Apple's iOS makes app development far easier than Android's, where you must build apps for every device type and size.

Flexibility With Features  

New enterprises must choose a mobile platform due to the proliferation of mobile devices. And these days, an app's worth is measured in its capabilities. Users are always on the lookout for the most feature-rich apps, as this usually means a better overall experience.

Android's open-source nature means that users have access to a wide range of customization options. This allows programmers to tailor the UI to their specific needs while still taking advantage of Android's wide range of features.

On the contrary, iOS does not offer a great deal of customization in terms of its functionality. Apple's closed platform has fewer features than Android, but it permits more user customisation.

Development Cost

The expense of app creation is a major issue for any organization, whether it's a startup or an entrepreneur. The price of development is a key distinction between iOS and Android.

Because every company has different needs and every app development firm has a different price structure, it's hard to estimate app development expenses.

For instance, the greater number of device variations in the Android ecosystem makes development more difficult due to device fragmentation. As a result, the development cycle for Android apps is typically lengthier (up to 40% longer) and more expensive.

There are other variables, though, that may impact the overall cost of developing for iOS. For instance, creating an iOS app requires a costly Apple developer account. A yearly subscription to the basic plan costs $98, while the business plan costs $299. Contrastly, Google requires simply a $25 one-time fee.

In the end, it's impossible to generalize about the price differential between iOS and Android. However, if you're looking at the big picture, the average cost of developing an iOS app is somewhere between $15 and $20,000. In contrast, the typical cost to design an Android app is $10,000 or more. The reason for this is that Android developers are in higher demand than iOS developers.

App Security

When compared to Apple's App Store, Google Play is a less secure platform on which to release an app. It's more likely that a user may download malware-infected software from Google Play. Your app will be safe and secure thanks to the App Store's moderation process.

Due to the absence of standardization in the Android ecosystem, a wide variety of hardware and software components must be taken into account. Building for Apple's restricted ecosystem restricts you to a small set of uniform hardware and software.

Approval times may increase because the Apple App Store has more stringent guidelines, higher quality standards, and a more thorough review procedure. If your app is not up to Apple's requirements, it will be rejected.

The approval process at Google can be completed in as little as a day, but at Apple it can take several days. You'll need to invest some effort into learning the peculiarities of both platforms and conforming to their respective standards.

When compared to Android, Apple generally provides a safer experience. Google is quicker than Apple to grant permissions.

Support and Upgrades

Android app development may require extra time to repair bugs and ensure compatibility with older Android and other operating systems.

One research found that 50% of Android users were still using an OS that was two years outdated or older on their phones. Users of Apple products are more inclined to update their operating system than those using Android.

Technical Comparison between iOS and Android App Development
Technical Comparison between iOS and Android App Development (Source: Internet)

How to Choose the Suitable Platform for Your Mobile App?

Determining Target Users

The first step in developing a successful app is to determine who will be your primary users. If they're heavy iPhone/iPad users, an iOS platform may be your best bet. If they're Android users, an Android app may be your best bet.

Financial Restraints and Development Costs 

One of the most important factors in deciding which mobile platform to choose for an app development project is the available budget. iOS app development is more expensive than Android app development. This is due to Apple's strict design rules and proprietary programming language, Swift. Android apps, in contrast, typically have cheaper initial expenses because of the increased flexibility offered by open-source coding languages like Java or Kotlin.

Evaluating Desired Features & Performance Expectations

Consider the features you want to include in your app, as some may work better on one platform than another owing to technology differences. This entails thinking about things like speed, user experience, and safety precautions in relation to the expected performance.

Navigating Market Trends And Monetization Strategies

Finally, market trends and monetization techniques are crucial when deciding whether to design for iOS or Android. The somewhat higher incomes of iOS users may present more lucrative prospects for monetization via in-app sales and subscription fees. If advertising revenue fits your business model, the massive Android user base may be better. 

Making a choice between iOS and Android might be difficult. However, making an informed selection after considering the above factors can help you serve your users and bottom line better.

iOS Developer vs Android Developer: Career Differences

We've covered the technological distinctions between Android and iOS. Now, let's compare the two mobile platforms' developers. We'll talk about the numerous career paths available, how their pay may vary, and which ones are in higher demand.

Potential Employment

Jobs requiring expertise in either Android or iOS development are plentiful for qualified candidates. Mobile developers can find in-house employment in businesses ranging from sole proprietorships to multinational conglomerates, and in virtually every sector. You might also get work with a company that specializes in creating apps for mobile platforms like Android and iOS.

In addition, many people study mobile app development in order to strike off on their own. Maybe they'll have a brilliant mobile app idea and learn enough app development to produce and release it. Expert mobile developers may also choose to freelance for companies or individuals.

Pay Scale Analysis

Indeed reports that both Android and iOS developers earn an average of about $110,000 per year. Salary ranges can be rather wide, however, depending on criteria such as years of development experience, work location, and function.

The typical income for an Android developer in the United States, for instance, varies from $68,000 for a fresher programmer to $116,000 for a senior programmer. In the United States, an iOS developer can expect to make between $69,000 for an entry-level position to $123,000 for someone with more experience. The United States, Australia, and the United Kingdom are the three countries where mobile developers for both platforms can expect to earn the greatest pay.

>> You may consider: Top 7+ Mobile App Development Companies In Melbourne


As mobile usage continues to rise, there will be an even greater need for Android and iOS developers. Since Apple's market share is slightly higher in the United States, there may be greater opportunities for iOS developers in the United States. However, Android has a higher global market share and may create more jobs than iOS does.

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iOS and Android development have perks and cons. Modern businesses need to be on both platforms to reach the most customers. iOS and Android have many differences that must be considered during development. Even the navigation bar position might frustrate consumers. It's best to employ app developers who understand all the nuances. Please contact us if you wish to construct a project or have questions. Relia can assist!

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