Offshore Software Development Rates by Country in 2023

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In 2023, the offshore  software development rates across different countries have evolved in response to economic shifts, skill availability, and industry demand.

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As technology continues to drive global business expansion, companies are increasingly turning to offshore software development to access skilled talent and cost-effective solutions. Offshore development offers the advantage of tapping into a diverse talent pool while optimizing budgets for IT projects. In 2023, the offshore  software development rates across different countries have evolved in response to economic shifts, skill availability, and industry demand. 

This article delves into a comprehensive analysis of offshore software development rates by country, providing businesses with valuable insights to make informed decisions when outsourcing their software development needs.

>> Read more: Benefits of Working With an Offshore Front End Development Team

Factors that Affect Offshore Developer Rates

The global software development landscape has witnessed a significant shift towards offshore outsourcing in recent years. Businesses are increasingly turning to offshore software development to leverage cost savings, access a broader talent pool, and gain a competitive advantage in the fast-paced technology-driven world.

However, the rates for offshore software development services can vary widely depending on several factors. In this article, we will explore the key factors that influence offshore software development rates.

Geographical Location

The geographical location of the offshore software development company plays a crucial role in determining the rates. Offshore destinations in Asia, such as India, the Philippines, and Vietnam, are known for offering competitive pricing due to lower labor costs and a large pool of skilled developers.

Eastern European countries, like Ukraine and Poland, also offer attractive rates while maintaining a reputation for high-quality software development. On the other hand, countries with a higher cost of living and greater demand for technology services tend to have higher rates.

Skill and Expertise

The skill level and expertise of the offshore software developers are significant factors in pricing. Highly skilled professionals with specialized knowledge and experience in cutting-edge technologies often charge premium rates.

Companies with a strong track record of delivering successful projects and possessing industry-specific expertise may also charge more for their services. While opting for less experienced developers might lead to cost savings, it could potentially compromise the quality of the final product.

Salary Range

Average national wages are used to determine the pay bracket. Salary figures from different locations can be compared by converting them to the same international currency. The salary range is based on the going rate for labor in that country. Offshore software development costs more money when salaries are greater. 

Project Complexity and Scope

The complexity and scope of the software development project directly impact the rates. Large-scale, intricate projects that require extensive planning, research, and technical prowess are likely to come with higher costs. Additionally, projects with constantly evolving requirements or tight deadlines may require more resources and, consequently, higher rates to meet the demands effectively.

Communication and Language Barriers

Effective communication is vital for successful offshore software development. Companies that offer seamless communication through various channels, such as video conferencing, chat, and email, often have a competitive advantage. Language barriers can also impact rates, as language proficiency affects the efficiency of the development process and the ability to understand project requirements clearly.

Time Zone Differences

Offshore software development often involves collaboration between teams located in different time zones. While this can be advantageous for round-the-clock development, it may also lead to scheduling challenges and potential delays in addressing critical issues. Companies that can adapt to the time zone differences efficiently and ensure continuous progress might be priced differently than those that struggle to manage this aspect effectively.

Incentives and Tax Policies

The expense of offshore development can be mitigated by the tax exemptions and other financial incentives offered by government to software developers working abroad.

The cost of doing business for software development companies might rise if tax rates are raised. As a result, they will demand increased prices to cover the cost of taxes and ensure continued profitability. 

Political and Economic Stability

The political and economic stability of the offshore location can influence rates significantly. Regions experiencing political unrest or economic uncertainty may have a higher perceived risk for businesses. As a result, offshore development companies operating in such areas might increase their rates to compensate for potential risks and uncertainties.

Engagement Models

The duration and pricing structure of your project's engagement model can have a significant impact on its overall cost. Opting for a non-fixed pricing model for long-term projects may lead to unpredictable fluctuations in the final development service costs.

Choosing the right engagement model is vital to optimize cost-effectiveness and ensure maximum value for your investment. Considering how the engagement model influences hourly rates is essential in selecting development specialists who can deliver high-quality solutions within your budget.

hiring remote software developer in vietnam
The rates for offshore software development services can vary widely depending on several factors. (Source: Internet)

The Cost of Offshore Software Development Services

The Average Cost of Offshore Software Development Services by Region

The data used in this analysis is sourced from reputable platforms such as PayScale, SalaryExpert, Indeed, Upwork, TopTal, and YouTeam, a trusted marketplace for on-demand engineering staff augmentation.

Below is an overview of the average software development hourly rates and related metrics for different regions as of 2023:


Average Offshore Software Development Hourly Rate

Ease of Doing Business*

Political Stability**

North America

$70 – $140



Western Europe

$35 – $95



Eastern Europe

$25 – $65



Latin America

$20 – $60



Asia Pacific

$20 – $45




$30 – $60




$100 – $175



New Zealand




*According to The World Bank, the max score is 100.

**According to The World Bank, scale from -2.5 to 2.5.

Please bear in mind that average rates can be misleading, and the actual price for offshore software development services may differ significantly due to several reasons:

  • Different technologies: The average rate encompasses various technologies, with some being mainstream and less expensive, while others are unique and command higher costs.

  • Junior developers: The majority of the market consists of junior developers, who are paid less than their senior counterparts.

  • In-demand skills: Developers with excellent English, communication skills, and a proactive approach are in high demand and often earn more than the average rate.

The Average Cost of Offshore Software Development Services by Country

Offshore Software Development Hourly Rates by Country in North America

Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and new ventures are increasingly locating their operations in North America. Nonetheless, studies show that developers in this area earn the greatest wages overall. 

CountryAverage Hourly Rate
The United States$70 – $200
Canada$50 – $180

Here’s a breakdown of average offshore software development rates in American big cities:

CityAverage Hourly Rate
New York$65

Offshore Software Development Hourly Rates by Country in Western Europe

Top offshore software development countries are in Western Europe. This area is almost as expensive as the US due to its high cost of living, complicated tax structure, and tight building regulations.

Average software engineer salary is $60k, with offshore software development rates by nation ranging from $35 to $95. Because taxes, insurance, and other legal expenses comprise 35% of the net wage, allowances that aren't included will cost a lot.

Western European offshore development may cost more, however quality, creativity, and teamwork may offset the costs for certain projects. You must compare these elements against your project needs and budget to make an informed conclusion.


Average Hourly Rate

United Kingdom
















Offshore Software Development Hourly Rates by Country in Eastern Europe

Eastern Europe is known for its IT expertise and startup culture. Eastern European professionals know full-stack technologies including C/C++, Java, and JavaScript, .NET, Python, and other programming languages attract international consumers.

Software engineering services cost $15–25 per hour. The average developer pay is $20k to $50k.

CityAverage Hourly Rate
Belarus $50+

Offshore Software Development Hourly Rates by Country in Latin America

Developers from Latin America are in high demand because of the region's well-deserved reputation for providing competitive wages without sacrificing product quality. Hotspots for software development outsourcing include countries like Mexico, Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, and Uruguay.

Average software development costs among Latin American nations are as follows:

CountryAverage Hourly Rate
Costa Rica$45+

Offshore Software Development Hourly Rates by Country in Asia

Asia has the most offshore software developers and leads the software outsourcing sector. Asia has several countries and economical and expensive offshore destinations for outsourced development.

India is a popular and affordable place for software development offshoring, where developers cost less than $25 per hour.

CountryAverage Hourly Rate

Offshore Software Development Hourly Rates by Country in Africa

Although the African IT outsourcing sector is young, it is already growing and attracting foreign clients. The region's rising young population is predicted to enhance demand for high-quality service sector jobs, propelling it to the top software developer countries in 2023.

African web and mobile app development is cheaper than US and European prices because the region is just entering the software development sector. The industry's rapid growth will change the range.

CountryAverage Hourly Rate
South Africa$20+
Tunisia $25+

Offshore Software Development Hourly Rates by Country in Australia and New Zealand

>> Read more:

Australia has become a popular software development site, but it still needs to compete with US, European, and Asian giants. The large time zone difference between Australia and Europe/America contributes to this.

The Australian software development industry excels despite challenges. According to IBIS World, 3.1% annual growth is impressive. In nearby New Zealand, software development rates are equally impressive.

CountryAverage Hourly Rate
New Zealand$55

Offshore Software Development Landscape for Asia in 2023

Asia stands out as the region with the largest number of offshore software developers compared to other parts of the world. Asia has become a preferred destination for offshore software development, primarily because of its abundant pool of talented developers and competitive hourly rates.

In recent years, countries like Vietnam, India, China, and Philippines have solidified their positions as key players in the global tech industry, attracting clients from around the world.

Vietnam has emerged as a significant player in the global software outsourcing industry, offering a favourable environment for businesses seeking cost-effective and high-quality software development services.

Vietnam's IT outsourcing segment is experiencing robust growth, with an impressive annual growth rate of 13.31%. Projections indicate that the segment, valued at $534.90M in 2023, is expected to reach $881.90M by 2027. In fact, it has earned a place among the top 6 best locations for IT outsourcing according to Kearny's Global Service Location Index.

China, in particular, has become an attractive destination for offshore development. Chinese developers excel in HackerRank challenges, demonstrating their expertise in the field. The government's support of the tech sector through economic incentives has further fueled growth. Notably, the Haidian Park Entrepreneurship Service Center hosts over 200 national high-tech enterprises, contributing to China's prominence in the industry.

In the Philippines, Cebu City has emerged as the fastest-growing IT hub with an impressive array of more than 200 offshore companies and 95,000 tech positions available. The country's position in the Global Innovation Index 2022 ranks 59th among the world's leading digital nations, with the capital city of Manila earning recognition as the second super city.

India, undoubtedly, remains the leading software outsourcing country in Asia and also holds a prominent position in the Global Innovation Index 2022 as a top digital nation. Indian software development companies are renowned for providing cost-efficient outsourcing solutions for web development processes.

Indian tech universities consistently churn out over 1.5 million IT specialists each year, contributing to a highly skilled and vast talent pool. With an average developer hourly rate of $32, India continues to be a preferred choice for global businesses seeking offshore software development services.

Asia stands out as the region with the largest number of offshore software developers compared to other parts of the world.
(Source: Internet)

Offshore Software Development Hourly Rates in Vietnam

Vietnam has rapidly emerged as one of Asia's fastest-growing tech hubs, boasting a vibrant startup ecosystem and a vast pool of highly skilled developers. A.T. Kearney's report has ranked Vietnam as the second-best outsourcing destination in Asia after India, owing to its proficient workforce, cost-effectiveness, and favorable business environment.

So, how are the offshore software development hourly rates in Vietnam? According to a survey conducted by Accelerance, the average hourly rates for software development services in Vietnam are as follows:

  • Mobile app development: $25 - $50 per hour.
  • Web development: $20 - $40 per hour.
  • Software development: $25 - $45 per hour.
  • Quality assurance and testing: $15 - $25 per hour.

As previously mentioned, Vietnam's hourly rates are highly competitive in comparison to other countries in Asia and across the globe. This can be attributed to the country's lower cost of living and relatively modest salaries, enabling Vietnamese developers to offer cost-effective rates while still earning a good income.

However, it is essential to note that rates can vary significantly depending on the project's complexity and the level of experience and expertise required. Highly skilled developers with extensive experience may command higher rates than those with less experience, and rates for intricate projects may surpass those for simpler ones.

In addition to considering hourly rates, several other factors are crucial when selecting an offshore development partner. Communication and cultural differences can pose challenges when working with offshore teams, so choosing a partner proficient in your language and experienced in collaborating with clients from your region is vital.

Furthermore, it is crucial to opt for a partner with a strong reputation and a proven track record of success. Look for companies that have experience working with clients in your industry and possess an in-depth understanding of your specific needs and requirements.

>> Read more: How To Set Up An Offshore Development Center In Vietnam?

Current IT Hiring Market in 2023: Offshore Software Development Rates on the Rise

The demand for software development services has increased to unprecedented levels as businesses all over the world embrace the pandemic-accelerated digital transformation. This surge in demand has led to a significant talent shortage, especially for experienced senior engineers, in regions like the US, Western Europe (Germany and Netherlands), and other tech-centric areas.

As a result, companies face intensified competition for available resources, resulting in rising salaries and fierce rivalries among enterprises seeking top-tier talent.

The Shift Towards Senior Engineers

According to recent studies, US-based companies predominantly prioritize hiring senior software engineers, with limited job openings for junior or mid-level positions. This preference for senior engineers can be attributed to various factors.

Firstly, the ever-changing business landscape necessitates the need for swift execution and strong leadership in every role.

Secondly, resource constraints make it challenging for companies to manage large development teams, leading them to focus on senior engineers who can handle complex projects efficiently.

Lastly, funding rounds and increased investment opportunities open new horizons for businesses, leading them to seek experienced and seasoned talent to drive innovation.

The Impact on Western Europe and the Offshore Market

Similar to the US, Western European countries, such as Germany and the Netherlands, are witnessing a surge in demand for senior software engineers. The scarcity of skilled talent in these regions has caused salaries to escalate, intensifying the competition for available resources.

While larger enterprises can afford higher wages, smaller companies often turn to countries with lower living costs for offshore software development services. As a result, regions like Eastern Europe, Latin America, Asia, and Africa have become popular destinations for outsourcing software development needs.

Challenges in the Offshore Market

However, even the offshore software development regions have not been immune to the global talent shortage. The rapid shift towards digitalization and tech transformation has caused a tremendous increase in the demand for software development services, resulting in a scarcity of experienced engineers. Finding engineers with relevant tech expertise and 5-8 years of experience has become increasingly challenging, driving up salaries for offshore developers.

The Changing Offshore Software Development Rates

To gain insights into the evolving offshore software development rates, we revisited our article published in early 2020 and compared it with the current market prices for software development in January 2023.

Notably, compensation for app development services across various technologies has increased by more than 3.8% and continues to grow. Particularly, PHP, React Native, React.js, Ruby on Rails, Node.js, Java, and Python developers witnessed salary increases of up to 30% compared to the previous year.


As observed, offshore countries offer significantly lower average software development costs compared to the United States or Western Europe. In some cases, even senior software engineers in offshore countries may charge less per hour than junior or mid-level developers in the USA. This cost-effectiveness is primarily due to the lower cost of living in offshore regions when compared to the US or Western Europe.

However, caution must be exercised when selecting an offshore country for software development services. Not all offshore countries provide a favorable price-to-quality ratio. Engaging with a seemingly promising contract may lead to additional expenses when rectifying errors made by the previous development team. Such issues are more common in Asian and African countries that offer the lowest software development rates.

Limiting the search to the best countries for outsourcing software development is just the initial step toward a fruitful partnership. Establishing clear communication and collaboration protocols becomes crucial when working with remote employees. 

Notably, countries in Asia, including Vietnam, remain sought-after choices due to their ability to provide highly competitive rates for offshore software development services. This popularity stems from businesses' desire to capitalize on offshore talent effectively.

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